Table 4: Physiological changes in the elderly

(Crome 2003, Hilmer 2008, Litovitz et al. 1998)

  • Decrease in total body mass
  • Change in body composition (decreased proportion of body water, increased proportion of body fat)
  • Small reduction in serum albumin
  • Decreased liver blood flow, size and hepatic clearance
  • Decreased renal function
  • Diminished skin mucous membrane, gastrointestinal barriers,
  • Diminished organ function,
  • Depressed immune function
  • Reduced olfactory and gustatory perception

Source: SCCS,  Opinion on the potential health risks posed by chemical consumer products resembling food and/or having child-appealing properties, (2011),
Annex III, p.40

Related publication:
Accidental poisoning homeProducts that resemble foods and appeal to children Potential risks of accidental ingestion
Other Figures & Tables on this publication:

Table 2: Household chemical consumer products commonly ingested by children

Table 3: Some developmental milestones of young children up to 6 years of age

Table 4: Physiological changes in the elderly

Table 5: Indicative categories and chemical ingredients of cosmetic products

Table 6: Chemicals in food- resembling/child-appealing household products (based on ingredient listing of common household products)

Table 7: Alkalis and acids frequently found in household products

Annex I: Pictures of consumer products resembling food and/or having child- appealing properties

Annex II: Case reports involving children and CPRF or CAP