Table 4 Commonly used skin disinfectants and antiseptics

Biocides  Most commonly used dilution 
Alcohols (ethanol, isopropanol, n-propanol)  60%-95% 
Chlorhexidine gluconate  Aqueous or detergent preparations containing 0.5 or 0.75% chlorhexidine  Alcohol preparations containing 4% chlorhexidine 
Chloroxylenol (parachlorometaxylenol: PCMX)  0.3%-3.75% 
Hexachlorophene  3% 
Iodophors (Povidone-iodine)  7.5%-10% 
Quaternary ammonium compounds    
Triclosan  0.2-2% 

Source: SCENIHR,  Assessment of the Antibiotic Resistance Effects of Biocides (2009),
Section 3.3.1 Biocides in health care, p. 22

Related publication:
Biocides homeEffects of Biocides on antibiotic resistance
Other Figures & Tables on this publication:

List of active molecules in biocidal products classified on the basis of chemical groups.

Table 2 List of active substances in biocidal products and their mode of action

Table 3 Biocides approved by US-FDA for health care settings, or registered by the US-EPA

Table 4 Commonly used skin disinfectants and antiseptics

Table 5 Major biocides used in veterinary medicine and animal husbandry

Table 6 Components of (udder) teat dips used (or having been used) in dairy animals

Table 7 Methodologies to measure bacterial resistance

Table 8 Bacterial mechanisms of resistance to biocides

Table 9 Bacteria isolated from contaminated cosmetic products and their resistance to biocides (Flores et al. 1997)

Table 10 Mechanisms of action of antibiotics

Table 11 Major resistance mechanisms (Davin-Regli et al. 2008)

Table: 23 Biocidal products listed in Annex V of the Biocides Directive (98/8/EC)